Reports


  • 22-November-2017

    English

    OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 - highlights by country

    These notes present selected country highlights from the OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard 2017 with a specific focus on digital trends among all themes covered.

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  • 14-November-2017

    English, PDF, 976kb

    How's life in Canada?

    This note presents selected findings based on the set of well-being indicators published in How's Life? 2017.

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  • 10-November-2017

    English, PDF, 378kb

    Health at a Glance 2017: Key findings for Canada

    Canada’s population is slightly healthier than the OECD average, considering life expectancy and other general measures of health status. Smoking and alcohol consumption are also a little lower than the OECD average, but obesity rates are high. Indicators for access and quality of care are generally good, achieved with a level of health spending not much higher than the OECD average.

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  • 18-October-2017

    English, PDF, 451kb

    Preventing Ageing Unequally - Key findings for Canada

    Selected findings for Canada from the report "Preventing Ageing Unequally"

  • 4-October-2017

    English, PDF, 351kb

    The Pursuit of Gender Equality - Key findings for Canada

    Selected findings for Canada from the report "The Pursuit of Gender Equality: An Uphill Battle"

  • 26-September-2017

    English

    Making Dispute Resolution More Effective - MAP Peer Review Report, Canada (Stage 1) - Inclusive Framework on BEPS: Action 14

    Under Action 14, countries have committed to implement a minimum standard to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of the mutual agreement procedure (MAP). The MAP is included in Article 25 of the OECD Model Tax Convention and commits countries to endeavour to resolve disputes related to the interpretation and application of tax treaties. The Action 14 Minimum Standard has been translated into specific terms of reference and a methodology for the peer review and monitoring process. The minimum standard is complemented by a set of best practices.The peer review process is conducted in two stages.  Stage 1 assesses countries against the terms of reference of the minimum standard according to an agreed schedule of review. Stage 2 focuses on monitoring the follow-up of any recommendations resulting from jurisdictions' stage 1 peer review report. This report reflects the outcome of the stage 1 peer review of the implementation of the Action 14 Minimum Standard by Canada, which is accompanied by a document addressing the implementation of best practices.
  • 21-August-2017

    English

  • 25-July-2017

    English

    SME and Entrepreneurship Policy in Canada

    SMEs and entrepreneurs make an important contribution to the Canadian economy. SMEs account for 60% of total employment, and Canada performs very well across many measures of small business generation, growth and innovation. However, further increases in productivity in medium-sized firms, an increase in SME exports, a greater business start-up rate and an increased number of high-growth firms could bring substantial benefits for the national economy.
    This report identifies several areas where new policy approaches could help achieve these objectives. Framework conditions for small business could be improved in business taxation, public procurement, access to financing and the commercialisation of research. New and extended programmes could be introduced in domains including entrepreneurship education, management advice and consultancy, and workforce skills development. A major effort is recommended to prioritise women's entrepreneurship, including by supporting social enterprises, and federal support could be offered to support the exchange of information on best practice SME regulations and programmes among provinces and territories. All this could be brought together and co-ordinated through the umbrella of a national strategy and a lead agency for SME and entrepreneurship policy.
     
  • 16-June-2017

    English

    Policies for Stronger and More Inclusive Growth in Canada

    After two decades of solid growth of household disposable income and living standards more generally, Canadians generally enjoy a high level of well-being. However, disparities persist – not all population groups have benefitted equally strongly from past improvements in living standards. Income inequality is close to the OECD average, but the tax and benefit system is less redistributive than those in most OECD countries. Despite high social mobility over a number of different dimensions such as health, earnings, social class or education, middle class self-identification has fallen in recent years. At the same time, productivity growth has slowed own, limiting the potential for further improvements in living standards. The slowdown in productivity growth is linked to a growing divide between high-productivity frontier firms and low-productivity laggards, as well as a weakening of business dynamism. The cross-cutting challenge presented by the persistence of multidimensional inequalities and weak productivity growth underlines the need for a reappraisal of Canada’s policy making process with the aim of fostering stronger and more inclusive growth.
  • 13-June-2017

    English, PDF, 266kb

    OECD Employment Outlook 2017 - Key findings for Canada

    Despite a strong recovery since the recession, Canada’s labour market has weakened since mid-2014 due to low commodity prices. Unemployment has risen to above the average across OECD countries. At 6.9% at the end of 2016, it is also still above the pre-crisis level (5.9% in 2007).

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