Producer and Consumer Support Estimates database



Agricultural policies are measures related to the domestic farm sector and trade in agricultural products. Agricultural policies address a wide range of issues, including providing sufficient food at reasonable prices for consumers, ensuring food safety and improving environmental quality. The OECD has developed agriculture support indicators that, despite this diversity, express policy measures with numbers in a comparable way across time and between countries.

Agricultural support

Agricultural support is defined as the annual monetary value of gross transfers to agriculture from consumers and taxpayers, arising from governments’ policies that support agriculture, regardless of their objectives and their economic impacts. The Percentage Total Support Estimate indicator (%TSE) represents the total of policy transfers to agricultural sector expressed as a share of GDP. The Percentage Producer Support Estimate (%PSE) represents policy transfers to agricultural producers, measured at the farm gate and expressed as a share of gross farm receipts. TSE transfers consist of transfers to agricultural producers (measured by the PSE), consumers (measured by the CSE) and support to general services to agricultural sector (measured by the GSSE). Transfers included in the PSE are composed of market price support, budgetary payments and the cost of revenue foregone by the government and other economic agents.

Producer protection

Producer protection, measured by the Producer Nominal Protection Coefficient (NPC) is defined as the ratio between the average price received by producers (measured at the farm gate), including net payments per unit of current output, and the border price (measured at the farm gate). For instance, an NPC of 1.10 suggests that farmers, overall, received prices that were 10% above international market levels.

OECD support indicator tables are complemented by the annual publication Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation, which analyses the agricultural policy developments of the OECD area and individual economies.


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More information

Overview tables - an overview of policy data and indicators for the OECD area and individual countries

Country files - individual policy measures and selected relative indicators for your country

Browsers - pivot tables to make cross-country comparisons and filter disaggregated policy-level data by commodity, policy implementation criteria and country

Introduction to the PSE and related indicators

Overview of the main changes in the General Services Support Estimate (2014)

PSE Manual - a comprehensive explanation of concepts, calculation, interpretation and use of  the PSE and related indicators



Data visualisation and overview tables

Use the compare your country data visualisation tool to explore PSE data in an interactive format. You can also consult the complete overview of policy data and indicators for the total OECD area, individual OECD economies and for other economies (Brazil, China, Indonesia, Russia, South Africa and Ukraine) below.


Direct link Estimate of support to agriculture
Direct link Producer Support Estimate (PSE)
Direct link  - Composition of Producer Support Estimate
Direct link Consumer Support Estimate
Direct link General Services Support Estimate (GSSE)
Direct link  - Composition of General Services Support Estimate
Direct link Total Support Estimate (TSE)
Direct link Characteristics of policy support
Direct link Producer Single Commodity Transfers (PSCT)
Direct link Consumer Single Commodity Transfers (CSCT)
Direct link Payments made on the basis of area, animal numbers, receipts or income
Direct link Contribution to change in Producer Support Estimate by country, 2012 to 2013
Direct link Contribution of Market Price Support to change in Producer Support Estimate by country, 2012 to 2013
Direct link Contribution to change in Border Price by country, 2012 to 2013
Direct link Exchange rates used for calculation of the indicators



Country files

Display individual policy measures and selected relative indicators data for each country (Excel) with definitions and sources for each (pdf). Please note that PSE information is provided for the European Union as a whole, although budgetary payments for individual EU member countries are available in the data file.


OECD economies

(published September 2014)

Other economies

(published September 2013)

Australia Data Definitions and sources   Brazil Data Definitions and sources
Canada Canada Data Definitions and sources   China P.R Data Definitions and sources
Chile Data Definitions and sources   Indonesia Data Definitions and sources
European Union Data Definitions and sources   Kazakhstan_small Kazakhstan Data Definitions and sources
Iceland Data Definitions and sources   Russia Data Definitions and sources
Israel Data Definitions and sources   South Africa Data Definitions and sources
Japan Data Definitions and sources   Ukraine Data Definitions and sources
Korea Data Definitions and sources          
Mexico Data Definitions and sources          
New Zealand Data Definitions and sources          
Norway Data Definitions and sources          
Switzerland Data Definitions and sources          
Turkey Data Definitions and sources          
United States Data Definitions and sources          


For policy analysis that complements the data, consult the country chapters in the Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation


For policy analysis that complements the data, consult the country chapters in:




Use our pivot tables to compare countries and filter disaggregated policy-level data by commodity, policy implementation criteria and country. Please note that data for OECD economies was published September 2014; data for other economies waspublished September 2013.

Guide to using the browsers (pdf)

Overview of the main changes to the GSSE 2014 (pdf)



Producer Support Estimate (PSE)


General Services Support Estimate (GSSE)


Emerging Economies General Services Support Estimate


Transfers to Consumers from Taxpayers (TCT)




Countries list

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Guernsey
  • Jersey
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Venezuela
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • Chinese Taipei^Taipei
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Cyprus
  • Czech Republic
  • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • European Union
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Micronesia
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • Gabon
  • Gambia
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guatemala
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong (China)
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Iran
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Korea
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau (China)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestinian Authority
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • China (People’s Republic of)
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Bolivia
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Moldova
  • Congo
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • Sao Tome and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Serbia and Montenegro (pre-June 2006)
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Swaziland
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syrian Arab Republic
  • Tajikistan
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tokelau
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • Tanzania
  • United States
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Viet Nam
  • Wallis and Futuna
  • Western Sahara
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Curaçao
  • Bonaire
  • Saba