Governments should treat the opioid epidemic as a public health crisis and improve treatment, care and support for people misusing opioids. Overdose deaths continue to rise, fuelled by an increase in prescription and over-prescription of opioids for pain management and the illicit drugs trade, according to a new OECD report.
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Resistance proportions for eight antibiotic-bacterium pairs in Canada have been stable around 14% between 2005 and 2015, and are not predicted to increase by 2030, should current trends in antibiotic consumption, population and economic growth continue into the future. Resistance proportions in Canada were lower than the OECD average in 2015 (17%).
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To become a doctor in Canada, a student can therefore expect 9 to 13 years of university education and post-graduate training, depending on the area of specialisation.
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In Canada, there are three main categories for nurses: Licenced Practice Nurses (LPNs), Registered Nurses (RNs) and Registered Psychiatric Nurses (RPNs). In addition, registered nurses can pursue further education to become Clinical Nurse Specialists and/or Nurse Practitioners.
Specific country notes have been prepared using data from the database OECD Health Statistics 2015, July 2015 version. The notes are available in PDF format.
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This country profile describes in details the Canadian pharmaceutical system, including decision-making processes for regulatory approval, reimbursement and pricing; assessment guidelines; institution and stakeholders involved and specific policies for new high cost drugs, when available.
The global economic crisis has had a profound impact on people’s well-being, reaching far beyond the loss of jobs and income, and affecting citizens’ satisfaction with their lives and their trust in governments, according to a new OECD report.