English, PDF, 617kb
Brazil’s old-age pensions have reduced old-age poverty below OECD levels, but pension expenditures of 8.2% of GDP are expected to rise rapidly as the population ages. A pension reform is necessary to ensure the financial sustainability of the system.
English, PDF, 345kb
On a number of measures, Brazil’s performance in recent years has been remarkable. But Brazil still has a long way to travel to close the gap with OECD countries and to ensure all students leave school with the skills needed for life and work.
English, PDF, 417kb
Brazil has made significant progress in water governance over the past two decades, but the reform is still incomplete to fully reap the economic, social and environmental benefits.
English, PDF, 344kb
The economic impact of corruption in Brazil, South America’s largest economy, is significant not only nationally but also regionally. However, there are elements that point to an improving situation.
English, PDF, 367kb
Income inequality in Brazil has steadily decreased since the early 2000s. Further progress in reducing inequality requires a policy package built on three pillars: promoting inclusive employment, improving the redistributive effectiveness of the tax and benefit system and investing more into education and skills.
English, PDF, 372kb
Brazil has a leading role to play in the fight against foreign bribery for Latin America, emerging economies, and G20 countries that are not yet parties to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention.
English, PDF, 342kb
Brazil has made significant progress in building a reputation for sound fiscal policy since it passed the Fiscal Responsibility Law in 2000. In recent years, however, the fiscal situation has become more difficult as public spending and gross debt have risen.