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The economic downturn has hit shipbuilding hard. New orders have contracted by up to 90% and cancellations have increased, which is likely to result in significant excess shipbuilding capacity. This outlook is unlikely to improve for some time.
Brazil is resisting the global downturn better than many other countries thanks to sound policies developed over recent years and an improved balance of payments, said Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD.
The complexities and fragmentation of Brazil’s tax system make it particularly onerous to enterprises, making it a priority for reform. The state-level VAT has often been used as an industrial policy instrument, resulting in predatory tax competition among the states. Remaining federal levies on enterprise turnover are detrimental to the competitiveness of Brazilian exports. The burden of payroll taxes and social security
To investigate the possible impact of terms of trade gains on the real economy, this paper estimates normalised quadratic input demand and output supply functions for the Brazilian economy during 1997-2008.
To shed further light on this issue in the context of emerging market economies, this paper uses Brazilian data to estimate the determinants of the current account in a smooth transition vector autoregressive (ST VAR) setting.
English, , 84kb
OECD’s Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) provides the first internationally comparative perspective on the conditions of teaching and learning.
In 2008-11, 14 regions in 11 countries underwent the OECD Review of Higher Education in Regional Development aiming to mobilise higher education for economic, social and cultural development of cities and regions.
The creation of more and better jobs remains a key challenge all over the world, not least due to the increasing demand for jobs in many developing countries. This joint ELS/DEV seminar presents recent experiences from China, India and Brazil.
OECD Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (ELS)and OECD Development Centre (DEV) Joint SeminarEmployment and Inequality Outcomes:New Evidence, Links and Policy Responses in Brazil, China and IndiaOECD Conference Centre, Paris, FranceWednesday, 8 April 2009
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.