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The complexities and fragmentation of Brazil’s tax system make it particularly onerous to enterprises, making it a priority for reform. The state-level VAT has often been used as an industrial policy instrument, resulting in predatory tax competition among the states. Remaining federal levies on enterprise turnover are detrimental to the competitiveness of Brazilian exports. The burden of payroll taxes and social security
To investigate the possible impact of terms of trade gains on the real economy, this paper estimates normalised quadratic input demand and output supply functions for the Brazilian economy during 1997-2008.
To shed further light on this issue in the context of emerging market economies, this paper uses Brazilian data to estimate the determinants of the current account in a smooth transition vector autoregressive (ST VAR) setting.
English, , 84kb
OECD’s Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) provides the first internationally comparative perspective on the conditions of teaching and learning.
In 2008-11, 14 regions in 11 countries underwent the OECD Review of Higher Education in Regional Development aiming to mobilise higher education for economic, social and cultural development of cities and regions.
The creation of more and better jobs remains a key challenge all over the world, not least due to the increasing demand for jobs in many developing countries. This joint ELS/DEV seminar presents recent experiences from China, India and Brazil.
OECD Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (ELS)and OECD Development Centre (DEV) Joint SeminarEmployment and Inequality Outcomes:New Evidence, Links and Policy Responses in Brazil, China and IndiaOECD Conference Centre, Paris, FranceWednesday, 8 April 2009
Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.
Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa (the BRIICS economies) have increased their share of world trade. To build on this progress, these countries should resist protectionism and revive stalled trade reforms, says this OECD study on globalisation.
Resisting protectionism and reviving stalled trade reforms would help the major emerging economies build on the progress achieved over the past two decades and emerge from the crisis with their trade performance strengthened, says a new OECD report.