Higher education: Brazil and the State of Paraná


Higher education system in Brazil

There are about 2 300 HEIs in Brazil of which 11% are public and 89% are private institutions.

Among the public HEIs 42% are federal, 34% are state operated and 24% are run by municipalities. The municipal HEIs are mainly colleges, schools and institutes.

Among the private HEIs 78% are profit-seeking institutions while 20% are non-profit institutions run by religious, community or philanthropic organizations.

Research is mainly conducted at the 178 universities, which also grant the majority of Master's and Doctoral degrees.


Higher education institutions in Paraná

Paraná has a strong concentration of public HEIs. About 90% of all state-run public higher education institutions in southern Brazil are in Paraná.

There were 180 HEIs in Paraná in 2006. About 88% were private institutions (158) and 12% were public (22).

The Federal University of Paraná (UFPR) and the Federal Technical University of Paraná (UTFPR) have many campuses throughout the state. 

12 colleges and 5 universities were run by the state:

  • Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL, in Portuguese)
  • Universidade Estadual de Maringá (UEM, in Portuguese)
  • Universidade Estadual do Centro-Oeste (Unicentro, in Portuguese)
  • Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná (Unioeste, in Portuguese)
  • Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa (UEPG, in Portuguese)

The number of HEIs has grown by about 120% between 2000 and 2006; this growth appeared mainly in the private sector; the public sector's size was stable.
The private HEIs are mostly small institutions.

41% of the HEI-faculty was employed at a public institution in 2006. 


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