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On a number of measures, Brazil’s performance in recent years has been remarkable. But Brazil still has a long way to travel to close the gap with OECD countries and to ensure all students leave school with the skills needed for life and work.
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Brazil has made significant progress in water governance over the past two decades, but the reform is still incomplete to fully reap the economic, social and environmental benefits.
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The economic impact of corruption in Brazil, South America’s largest economy, is significant not only nationally but also regionally. However, there are elements that point to an improving situation.
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Income inequality in Brazil has steadily decreased since the early 2000s. Further progress in reducing inequality requires a policy package built on three pillars: promoting inclusive employment, improving the redistributive effectiveness of the tax and benefit system and investing more into education and skills.
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Brazil has a leading role to play in the fight against foreign bribery for Latin America, emerging economies, and G20 countries that are not yet parties to the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention.
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Brazil has made significant progress in building a reputation for sound fiscal policy since it passed the Fiscal Responsibility Law in 2000. In recent years, however, the fiscal situation has become more difficult as public spending and gross debt have risen.
The 2015 edition introduces more detailed analysis of participation in early childhood and tertiary levels of education. The report also examines first generation tertiary-educated adults’ educational and social mobility, labour market outcomes for recent graduates, and participation in employer-sponsored formal and/or non-formal education.
Brazil finds itself at a turning point, and that is why the theme of today’s seminar is so important. During the early part of the 21st century, Brazil has become a leading economic power. Bucking the trends in most OECD countries, inequality has been coming down.
The Secretary-General presented the OECD Economic Survey and the Environmental Performance Review of Brazil. He attended a series of meetings and also signed the Brazil-OECD Programme of Work for 2016-2017.