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In Latin American and Caribbean countries the population is growing faster than the world average, intensifying land use and increasing urbanisation. The region is also prone to the negative impact of climate change and natural disasters, putting further pressure on natural resources.
En países latinoamericanos, la población crece a un ritmo mayor que el promedio mundial, lo cual intensifica el uso de la tierra y aumenta la urbanización. La región también es propensa a los impactos negativos del cambio climático y de los desastres naturales.
Tax revenues in Latin American countries are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries, but are rising slowly. Revenue Statistics in Latin America shows that the average tax revenue to GDP ratio in the 15 Latin American countries covered by the report increased from 19% in 2009 to 19.4% in 2010, after falling from a high point of 19.7% in 2008.
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Brazil boasts one of the largest increases in expenditure on education between 2000 and 2009 among the countries for which data was available.
The OECD held a week-long series meetings with the Brazil’s Supreme Audit Institution (Tribunal de Contas da União or TCU) to present the preliminary main findings and policy recommendations of its peer review of the TCU audit of the year-end government report (Prestação de Contas da Presidenta de República).
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Total health spending accounted for 9.0% of GDP in Brazil in 2010, about one percentage point below the average of 9.5% in OECD countries.
Despite important achievements, sustainable development is still a challenge, not a reality. In moving forward, we need to ensure that our policies have a stronger focus on sustainability and inclusion, in particular in developing countries, even more than elsewhere, said OECD Secretary-General at Rio+20.
The 2012 Ministerial Council Meeting marks the fifth anniversary of the launching of Enhanced Engagement, aimed at advancing the OECD's relationship with five Key Partners, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa. At the 2011 meeting of the OECD Council at Ministerial level (MCM), Members agreed on a Vision Statement which highlighted the priority to be given to developing new forms of partnership and collaboration with each
The objective of senior budget official country reviews is to provide a comprehensive overview of the budget process in the country under examination, to evaluate national experiences in the light of international best practice and to provide specific policy recommendations.
The event will provide an overview of the concept of green innovation, the main obstacles from a private and public sector perspective, and help identify ways of overcoming them.