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Data is available in index and in percentage change on the same period of the previous year. Producer prices are PPI for manufacturing. However, some countries do not produce a PPI and a wholesale price index is used as a proxy. In addition, some countries do not have an index which covers only manufacturing. The series are updated continuously.
These statistics set out industrial production of total industry, manufacturing, manufactured crude steel, manufactured intermediate and investment goods, energy, construction. The series are updated continuously and are shown as seasonally adjusted indices. The series are updated continuously.
Retail trade (volume) series are shown as seasonally adjusted indices. For most countries, the volume indices are compiled by national sources. For the remaining countries, the value figures have been deflated by OECD using an appropriate consumer price index. The series are updated continuously.
Source: OECD Main Economic Indicators (updated continuously) - Composite leading indicators (CLIs) are calculated for 29 OECD countries (Iceland is not included), 6 non-member economies and 9 zone aggregates. A country CLI comprises a set of component series selected from a wide range of key short-term economic indicators mainly covered in the MEI database.
Tax revenues in Latin American countries continue to rise but are lower as a proportion of their national incomes than in most OECD countries. Revenue Statistics in Latin America 2012 shows that Argentina and Brazil have the highest tax revenue to GDP ratio, while Guatemala and Dominican Republic stand at the lower end.
Brazil has made remarkable progress in reducing poverty and inequality. This reduction is explained by strong growth but also by effective social policies. Besides growth, public services and cash transfers have played the biggest role, the latter notably through the successful "Bolsa Familia" programme.
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The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is a triennial international survey which aims to evaluate education systems worldwide by testing the skills and knowledge of 15-year-old students. To date, students representing more than 70 economies have participated in the assessment.
As with every edition, the goal of the 2013 conference is to present the latest empirical evidence based on patent and IP statistics and to discuss these findings with decision-makers from both the private and public sectors. The conference also aims to share cutting-edge knowledge on topics relevant to policy-makers, academics, companies and practitioners.
Carbon taxes and emission trading systems are the most cost-effective means of reducing CO2 emissions, and should be at the centre of government efforts to tackle climate change,according to a new OECD study.
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This document present a brief synthesis of the costs to society of reducing CO2eq emissions in Brazil. It is based on an examination of a broad range of policy instruments used in the electricity eneration, road transport, pulp and paper, cement and household energy sectors.