Brazil

Agricultural Policies in Emerging Economies: Monitoring and Evaluation 2009

 

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The years 2006-08 were marked by a significant increase in world prices for most, but not all, agricultural commodities. This report analyses policy developments during this period in seven emerging economies: Brazil, Chile, China, India, Russia, South Africa and Ukraine.

 

Higher food prices and policy responses

Policy responses to higher food prices included tariff reductions, export restrictions, increased minimum prices and price controls, input subsidies, sales of stocks and direct transfers to the most disadvantaged.

 

Other major policy developments included: expanded government-supported credit facilities and/or debt rescheduling, increased import subsidies, endeavours to improve the delivery and performance of agricultural policies, extended coverage of insurance programmes and further efforts in land reform.

 

For the period 2005-07, estimates of government support to producers as a percent of gross farm receipts ranged from 4% for Chile to 14% for Russia, much less than the OECD average of 26%.

Chapters

  • Overview
  • Brazil
  • Chile
  • China
  • India
  • Russia
  • South Africa
  • Ukraine
  • Annex A: Measuring Agricultural Support
  • Annex B: Statistical annex

 

How to obtain this publication

 

Readers can access the complete version of the publication in PDF format and/or order the paper copy via our Online Bookshop

 

Subscribers and readers at subscribing institutions can access the OECD iLibrary online edition.

 

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