Austria has low levels of labour migration from non-EU/EFTA countries. At the same time, intra-EU free mobility has grown significantly and since 2011, overall migration for employment is above the OECD average. It recently reformed its labour migration system, making it more ready to accept labour migrants where they are needed, especially in medium-skilled occupations in which there were limited admission possibilities
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The tax burden in Austria increased by 0.9 percentage points from 41.7% to 42.5% in 2013. The OECD average was an increase of 0.4 percentage points from 33.7% to 34.1%. The Austrian standard VAT rate is 20%, which is above the OECD average. The average VAT/GST standard rate in the OECD was 19.1% on 1 January 2014.
In 2012, the total inflow of foreign nationals to Austria increased to 125 600 persons, which represented a 13% increase compared to the previous year.
This publication highlights new evidence on policies to support job creation, bringing together the latest research on labour market, entrepreneurship and local economic development policy to help governments support job creation in the recovery. It also includes a set of country pages featuring, among other things, new data on skills supply and demand at the level of smaller OECD regions (TL3).
In 2013, Austria provided USD 1.2 billion ODA (preliminary data), which represented 0.28% of gross national income (GNI) and a 0.7% increase in real terms from 2012.
Country notes outlining regional variations in health, jobs, safety, environment, access to services, civic engagement, housing, education, income, and employment. These notes are from the OECD publication "How's Life in Your Region?".
Getting regions and cities 'right', adapting policies to the specificities of where people live and work, is vital to improving citizens’ well-being. View the country fact sheets from the publication OECD Regional Outlook 2014.
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Austria’s relative spending on individuals’ tertiary education is among the highest in the OECD. Austria puts great emphasis on tertiary education which is reflected in the level of public investment: its spending on individuals’ tertiary education relative to lower levels of education is among the highest of the OECD countries.
Country notes with main key findings of the book and key fact tables: a customised snapshot of a country's educational environment, highlighting the most important issues in the educational landscape.
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At 5%, Austria’s unemployment rate is high in a historical perspective though still lower than in most OECD countries. The same is true for the youth unemployment rate, which at 10% is twice the level of the rate for the total labour force. While the employment rate in 2014 is above the rate before and during the crisis, the reversal in the increase in unemployment is yet to come.