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Australia’s population is healthier than the OECD average, considering life expectancy and other general measures of health status. Smoking consumption is also low, as is exposure to air pollution. But obesity rates are the fifth highest in the OECD. Further, despite universal health coverage, a relatively high share of the population reported skipping consultations due to cost. Quality of care indicators also show mixed results.
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Selected findings for Australia from the report "Preventing Ageing Unequally"
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Selected findings for Australia from the report "The Pursuit of Gender Equality: An Uphill Battle"
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Australia’s working-age employment rate (66% in the first quarter of 2017) substantially exceeds the OECD average (61%), and the unemployment rate (5.8%) remains slightly below the OECD average (6.1%).
These country specific notes provide figures and commentary from the Taxation and Skills publication that examines how tax policy can encourage skills development in OECD countries.
Further structural reform is required to raise productivity growth through a better climate for business and stronger R&D outcomes.
As part of the STI Outlook 2016, the OECD has released policy profiles by country. These include cross-country analyses that draw on the first joint EC-OECD survey on STI policies. They focus on major STI policy areas, instruments and trends.