Climate change is likely to have significant impacts on the agricultural sector to which farmers will have to adapt. While agriculture is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, it is also a source of carbon storage in soils. This report examines the economic and policy issues related to the impacts of climate change on agriculture and adaptation responses and to the mitigation of greenhouse gases from agriculture. It outlines research undertaken and underway in other national and international research agencies. It also highlights some of the knowledge gaps on the impacts of climate change on food production and the uncertainties of those impacts in a global context that warrant further research efforts. In particular, the report analyses marginal abatement cost curves, which show the relative costs of achieving reductions in greenhouse gas emission through the implementation of different actions in the agricultural sector. The aim of the report is to help guide policy makers in the design of policies to address climate change issues in agriculture.
In his speech for the release of the OECD-FAO Agriculture Outlook in Rome, Italy, Angel Gurría said that the macroeconomic prospects underlying it are more favourable, supply response has been strong, stocks are healthier and most of the ad hoc restrictions on agricultural exports have been lifted.
Agricultural commodity data including supply and use balances, domestic and international prices, and key macro-economic variables and population. The database includes historical data back to 1970 and projections to 2019.
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The "Review of Agricultural Policies: Israel" assesses the performance of Israeli agriculture over the last two decades, evaluates Israeli agricultural policy reforms and provides recommendations for continuing t he reform process in the future.
Presentations and information from a workshop on how OECD member countries can develop fisheries strategies to adapt to climate change, Busan, Korea, 10-11 June 2010
Manual with information on the methodology, principles and practical applications of&
Measuring Innovation: A New Perspective presents new measures and new ways of looking at traditional indicators. It builds on 50 years of indicator development by OECD and goes beyond R&D to describe the broader context in which innovation occurs. It includes some experimental indicators that provide insight into new areas of policy interest. It highlights measurement gaps and proposes directions for advancing the measurement agenda.
This publication begins by describing innovation today. It looks at what is driving innovation in firms, and how the scientific and research landscape is being reconfigured by convergence, interdisciplinarity and the new geography of innovation hot spots. It presents broader measures of innovation, for example using new indicators of investment in intangible assets and trademarks.
Human capital is the basic input of innovation, and a series of indicators looks at how well education systems are contributing to the knowledge and research bases. Further series examine how firms transform skills and knowledge, and shed light on the different roles of public and private investment in fostering innovation and reaping its rewards, with concrete examples from major global challenges such as health and climate change.
Measuring Innovation is a major step towards evidence-based innovation policy making. It complements traditional “positioning”-type indicators with ones that show how innovation is, or could be, linked to policy. It also recognises that much more remains to be done, and points to the measurement challenges statisticians, researchers and policy makers alike need to address.
Global markets for fish and fish products have changed considerably over the past few decades and continue to do so. Countries must work harder on fisheries and aquaculture management to remain sustainable, says this overview of globalisation in fisheries and aquaculture.
Proceedings of an OECD workshop in May 2009, an overview of the major economic and institutional issues associated with rebuilding fisheries, including examples of national and international initiatives.
Rebuilding fisheries is a key challenge for many countries as some stocks are in a poor state while others are depleted. In May 2009, economists, biologists, fisheries managers and policy makers participated in an OECD Workshop on the Economics of Rebuilding Fisheries. The workshop was designed to identify and analyse economic uncertainties, policy issues, biological conditions and information constraints, and to review the role of key players in program delivery. This conference proceedings presents an overview of the major economic and institutional issues associated with rebuilding fisheries and provides examples of national and international initiatives.