Food prices are literally a matter of life and death, especially for the poorest of the poor, who already spend up to 80% or 90% of their income on food. Unfortunately, our medium term projections for global supply, demand and prices of agricultural commodities show that most prices look likely to trend significantly higher in the coming decade.
Trade in processed agricultural products, such as chocolates, steaks or wines, has increased between emerging economies, as have exports from emerging to high-income countries. However, trade in these products is still dominated by high-income countries.
More efficient and equitable agricultural policies will require better targeting of income support and, in turn, better information on the income and wealth situation of the agricultural population, according to this study of Canada, the United States and the European Union.
A focus on reducing market price support is the key to effective agricultural policy reform, says this study of farm reforms in the United States, European Union, Canada, Japan, Korea, Mexico and Switzerland.
South-South and Latin American regional trade agreements (RTAs) have progressed most in eliminating agricultural trade tariffs. However, the dairy, meat, sugar and cereal sectors are still often protected by exemptions such as tariff rate quotas (TRQs).
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The OECD’s 50th Anniversary is an opportunity to reaffirm what we stand for and what we are about. After 50 years, our objective is and remains to help member and partner country’s governments to formulate and implement better policies for better lives.
Fisheries reform is driven by economic forces, not environmental crisis. Policy makers must involve all stakeholders in supporting and sustaining reforms, as seen in these case studies of Iceland, Korea, Mexico, Norway and New Zealand.
U.S. agricultural policy reform should continue its recent shift towards less distortion of production and trade, notably with market-based approaches for support programmes and agricultural risk management, according to this study of reforms since 1985.
How have Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reforms affected farms, sectors and regions in the European Union? These papers look at recent reforms, featuring the single payment scheme, quotas and restructuring in the sugar and dairy sectors, and the direct payment scheme.
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This is a list of all the research fellowships awarded for 2011.