The United States is one of the most important agricultural producers in the world. It has a very large domestic market and is the world’s largest exporter of agricultural products. Indeed, the share of US agricultural production exported is more than double that of any other US industry and the trade surplus in agricultural products acts as an important stimulus to the US economy. Thus, US agricultural policies exert a strong
Much has been done over the years to improve fisheries management in OECD countries. Ongoing problems of over-fishing, overcapacity and the economic crisis intensify the need for reform. Although there is a general consensus on the importance of a successful fisheries management, the effort levels and effectiveness of policy reforms have differed among OECD countries. This study examines the factors that facilitate reform, as well as
This meeting explored the role of policy in addressing issues related to climate change, agriculture and land use, both in the context of GHG mitigation and of farmer adaptation to climate change.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is an important policy for the European Union and accounts for about 40% of the EU budget. Ever since its inception in 1958, the CAP has been regularly reviewed and adjusted to improve its performance and adapt to changing circumstances. At a time when the post-2013 future of the CAP is being discussed and major challenges such as food security and climate change lay ahead, it is important to
This report analyses the evolution of prices, farm receipts and support to agricultural producers in real terms in OECD countries and other economies. It sets out specific purchasing power parities for a range of commodities to compare developments in output volume and prices at aggregate level.
Climate change will affect fisheries, fish stocks and coastal communities. Fisheries policymakers must strengthen global governance, use a rights-based management system, protect ecosystems, end environmentally harmful subsidies and focus on demand for sustainably caught seafood.
Agricultural research faces new issues, from food security to ecological concerns to land use. This collection of papers from a conference organised by the OECD Co-operative Research Programme (CRP) looks at recent progress and future challenges in agricultural research.
English, PDF, 183kb
Agricultural research fellowship award grants and international conferences sponsorships of the Co-operative Research Programme (CRP): Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems; advice for applicants for funding.
Many fish stocks need rebuilding, but economic and social factors are also important for sustainable fisheries. This paper discusses the important distinction between rebuilding stocks and rebuilding fisheries, and the use of bioeconomic modelling for developing rebuilding strategies.
Climate change is becoming more evident and, as it increases, will alter the productivity of fisheries and the distribution of fish stocks. From an economic point of view, the changes will have impacts on fisheries and coastal communities in different ways. These expected changes require adaptable and flexible fisheries and aquaculture management policies and governance frameworks. However, the forms of future climate change and