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Government support for agriculture in the world’s leading farming nations rose during 2012, bucking a long-term downward trend and reversing historic lows recorded in 2011, according to the latest version of an annual OECD report.
Climate change and rising demand are making it harder to meet the world’s water needs. At World Water Week 2013, the OECD will explore how to better manage this vital resource.
This OECD database is a compilation of policies relating to support within the fertiliser and biofuels sectors of several countries. The data cover the period from 1995 to 2012 for biofuels and from 2000 to 2012 for fertilisers, depending on data availability.
Collective action is key to improving the agricultural environment given its effectiveness in dealing with agri-environmental externalities that are beyond the capacity of the individual farmer to manage. This study provides an extensive literature review and analyses 25 case studies from 13 OECD countries to examine how policies could and should be used to promote collective action.
Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.
Eliminating global hunger is more about raising the incomes of the poor than an issue of food prices. This study considers how changes to the world’s food and agriculture system can contribute to improvements in food security in developing countries, and the policy recommendations proposed seek to improve the coherence of OECD countries’ policies and contribute to multilateral initiatives towards global food security.
What role can governments play in agricultural innovation? This report reviews recent trends in agricultural innovation systems (AIS) and looks at how governments can contribute to agricultural productivity and sustainability by fostering innovation in the agri-food sector.
Read and download for free this OECD series of papers with data, analysis and policy recommendations on food, agriculture and fisheries issues. Feel free to forward and share these papers.
Around 850 million people worldwide are undernourished, mostly living on less than a dollar a day. Two-thirds of the world’s poor live in rural areas where farming is the principal economic activity.
How do small farms in developing countries manage risk? This paper assesses farm-level agricultural risk management strategies in Brazil, China and Viet Nam. Farmers in developing countries often rely on community strategies such as crop sharing, or deplete their assets and so perpetuate poverty. Policies to promote investment, such as access to credit and insurance, can help smallholders move out of poverty or into the non-farm sector.