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OECD News: Agriculture and Fisheries #1
The problems of Japanese agriculture – in particular low productivity and the prevalence of part-time farmers and small plots have been evident for the past 50 years.
Large farm size, low age profile, high educational level and use of financial leverage are factors in high economic performance of farms, according to this analysis of data from nine OECD countries and regions. The analysis shows significant differences in farm economic performances within countries as well as across countries.
Small farms in Turkey are threatening productivity in the agricultural sector and provide a meagre living for workers in this sector. Government policies have begun to change this for the better, but more needs to be done.
This Review, undertaken in close co-operation with the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan and conducted within the framework of the OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Programme, assesses the performance of agriculture in Kazakhstan over the last two decades. It evaluates agricultural policy reforms in Kazakhstan and provides recommendations to address key challenges in the future. This analysis is based on the approach that agriculture policy should be evidence-based and designed to support productivity, competitiveness and sustainable development, while avoiding unnecessary distortions to production decisions and to trade. A special chapter of the Review highlights the constraints to farm incomes that exist beyond the farm gate and related policy issues.
Greater investment in transport infrastructure, agricultural research and food safety systems is needed to help Kazakhstan boost the long-term competitiveness of its farm sector and meet wider economic diversification objectives, according to a new OECD report.
What is the role of the private sector in greening the agro-food chain? This OECD/BIAC workshop will examine such issues as the role of new technologies in increasing productivity and reducing waste, as well as developing private-public partnerships.
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Capacity building, where staff members of designated national certification and inspection authorities are trained in all aspects of the OECD Seed Schemes and their implementation and monitoring, ensures that only high quality seeds are traded internationally. This brochure offers comprehensive guidelines on capacity building activities in OECD Seed Scheme member and applicant countries.
Eliminating hunger and malnutrition, and achieving wider global food security are among the most intractable problems humanity faces. While many once poor countries are now developing rapidly, the world as a whole is unlikely to meet the first Millennium Development Goal target of halving, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of the world’s population who suffer from hunger.
Demand for food and feed is increasing worldwide, and there is greater pressure on land, water and biodiversity. Agriculture policymakers face the challenge of increasing innovation, improving agricultural productivity growth and make more efficient use of available natural resources. In this interview for EuroChoices, OECD Trade and Agriculture Director Ken Ash explains the role that innovation will play in the future of food.