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Have agri-environmental policies in OECD countries succeeded in meeting their objectives? What is the role for governments to encourage farmers to deliver environmental public goods? This report features papers and country case studies presented at a 2011 OECD workshop.
This overview of the management of risk due to livestock diseases focuses on government policies relating to livestock health systems and compensation scheme designs, and includes case studies of Australia, Botswana, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Netherlands and Viet Nam.
Governments are increasingly aware of the importance of monitoring and evaluating their policies − including agri-environmental policies − and are devoting efforts to strengthening their monitoring and evaluation systems and capacities. They aim to improve their performance by establishing evidence-based policy-making, evidence-based management and evidence-based accountability, which will help to improve the design and implementation
This paper reviews the scientific literature on the impacts of climate change on yield variance and investigates their implications for the demand of crop insurance and effectiveness of different farm strategies and policy measures using crop farm data in Australia, Canada and Spain.
Recent experience of highly turbulent markets has renewed interest in quantitative assessment of price volatility by stochastic simulations using the AGLINK-COSIMO model. Measuring the contribution of correlation of yield shocks to price volatility, this paper shows that correlation effects account for a significant portion of price volatility for coarse grains and wheat.
This report is an overview of the management of risk due to livestock diseases, a potentially catastrophic type of risk that can have strong external effects given its links to the food chain and to human health. Animal disease, primarily in farmed livestock, has long been a policy concern for food safety reasons and the high economic losses it can engender. The globalisation of trade and human movement, and sensitivities to food
Increased productivity, green-growth and more open markets will be essential if the food and nutrition requirements of future generations are to be met. Governments should also renounce trade-distorting practices and create an enabling environment for a thriving and sustainable agriculture underpinned by improved productivity, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
Many fisheries around the world are characterised by excessive fishing effort, low productivity and inadequate profitability. Considerable benefits can be made from rebuilding such fisheries. This publication analyses the issues and challenges governments face as they develop and implement plans to rebuild fisheries. The focus is on the economic and institutional issues and builds on evidence from OECD fisheries.
Governments looking to boost their fisheries sector should review their policies to create incentives for economically and environmentally sustainable fisheries, according to a new OECD report.
Governments looking to boost their fish sector should consider rights-based management systems that can create incentives for stakeholders and lead to economically and environmentally sustainable fisheries, according to this report.