Agricultural policies and support

Multifunctionality in agriculture


The OECD began work on multifunctionality following the 1998 Ministerial meeting during which the topic received a lot of attention. Since then a series of reports and working papers have been produced. A first report explored the nature of multifunctionality in agriculture and put forward an analytical framework that would allow a rigourous approach to the policy issues.


A second report analyses the policy implications and gives guidance on how to apply the analytical framework. These and subsequent reports are listed here in the order in which they have appeared. One report contains case studies that describe the possible role of the private sector in the provision of “multifunctional” outputs.


Working papers look at links to farm structure and investigate the level of government that is best for the implementation of policies for multifunctionality. The role of implementation costs in determining the choice of policy instruments is explored relative to multifunctionality but also with respect to other agricultural policy issues such as income support.


Finally, the proceedings of a workshop, held in November 2006, seeks to examine the nature and strength of jointness between agricultural commodity production and non-commodity outputs from the perspective of three areas important to the agricultural sector: rural development, environmental externalities and food security.


Multifunctionality: Towards an Analytical Framework (2001)
Multifunctionality: The Policy Implications (2003)
Farm Structure and Farm Characteristics – Links to Non-Commodity Outputs and Externalities (2004)
Multifunctionality in Agriculture: What Role for Private Initiatives? (2005)
Financing Agricultural Policies with Particular Reference to Public Good Provision and Multifunctionality: Which Level of Government? (2005)
The Implementation Costs of Agricultural Policies (2007)

Multifunctionality in Agriculture: Evaluating the Degree of Jointness, Policy Implications (2008)


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