Agricultural policies and support

Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries: Monitoring and Evaluation 2009


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Overall support to farmers in OECD countries has been declining. In 2008, it was 21% of farmers’ gross receipts, the lowest level since the mid-1980s. The decline has largely been due to a narrowing of the gap between domestic and world agricultural commodity prices.


Agriculture is expected to fare better than many other sectors in the current economic crisis. It has a relatively smaller financial exposure, demand is less sensitive to income falls, and the existing set of support policies in many countries can dampen the impact of the crisis. Governments are facing tighter fiscal conditions, which is likely to prompt further review of support policies, including for agriculture.


The 2008 United States Farm Act, the Health Check of the European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy and the new Growing Forward policy framework in Canada are also reviewed in the report. A special feature in the report focuses on agri-environmental policies in OECD countries.


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A unique source of up-to-date estimates of support to agriculture, this publication provides an overview of agricultural support in the OECD area, complemented by individual chapters on agricultural policy developments in all OECD countries.


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