The OECD is governed by a Council composed of representatives of all the Member countries. The Council appoints the Secretary-General for a term of five years.
The Organisation is funded primarily by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member countries, within the framework of a biennial Programme of Work and Budget.
Through the Budget, the Council accords the necessary commitment authorisation and makes the necessary appropriations for the functioning of the Organisation and the delivery of its agreed output results. It determines the amount of assessed contributions to be paid by members after taking into account other resources of the Organisation. All the OECD member countries fund the 'Part I' Budget (M EUR 185 in 2012), which accounts for 53% of the overall Budget (M EUR 347 in 2012). Their scale of contributions are based on both a proportion that is shared equally and a scale proportional to the relative size of their economies. Part II budgets (around M EUR 93 in 2012) include, in some programmes, a significant number of non-member participants in addition to those member countries participating in those programmes. Part II programmes are funded according to a scale of contributions or other agreements among the participating countries. The other main Budget items are pensions (M EUR 55 in 2012) and publications (M EUR 13).
The approval of the Budget by Council empowers the Secretary-General, subject to any special conditions established by Council:
to commit and authorise expenditures and to make all payments to be borne by the Organisation, for the purposes assigned and within the limits of the appropriations or the commitment authority;
to receive the income entered in the Budget, together with any other resources accruing to the Organisation in respect of its programme of work.
The OECD is entitled to diplomatic privileges and immunities, as are officials and member country representatives. The OECD is exempt from paying taxes related to its operating revenue and expenses.
Independent external auditing of the Organisation’s accounts and financial management is performed by a Supreme Audit Institution of an OECD Member Country, appointed by the Council. It certifies the financial statements and reviews the Budget results and the outcome of the performance audits. The Council, in the light of this certification and comments, discharges the Secretary-General from all liability in respect of his or her administration.
Member Countries' Budget Contributions for 2012
Internal Audit and Evaluation
Secretary-General’s Report to Ministers 2012